Periodontal gum treatment (Surgical / Non-Surgical gum therapy)
Periodontology or Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as various types of gum diseases and conditions that affect them. A professional who practices this specialty field of dentistry is known as a periodontis.
Periodontal therapy is to remove the pathogenic micro-organisms that form plaque and calculus, in order to stop the disease. This is done by Surgical Periodontal Therapy or Non-surgical Gum Therapy.
Removing the plaque and calculus from the gum, tooth, both above the gum-line as well as below it, using hand and ultrasonic instruments are part of periodontal therapy, followed by appropriate oral hygiene procedures.
Studies show, most people have some kind of mild gum disease which silently survives, however it doesn’t mean not to pay attention. Ignoring a mild gum disease can cause much more serious problem. Since gum diseases can be easily ignored due to their slow progression and painless nature, regular check-up with your dentist and hygienist is recommended. Often we can treat and reverse gum disease without surgery, specially when it caught early. If disease has progressed, surgical gum therapy may be necessary.
Periodontal diseases are vary from simple gum inflammation to serious gum disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth in the jaw. Most common gum diseases are gingivitis, periodontitis or receding gums.
Research has shown that periodontal disease may associated with several other diseases like Diabetes, heart Disease, stroke diabetes and respiratory problems. While more recent research demonstrates that inflammation may be responsible for periodontal diseases, the fact that many gum diseases are caused by bad oral health remain. Aggressive brushing and flossing are other cause of damage to perfectly healthy gums.